The Right Honourable Sir Winston Churchill

1874- 1965 (Life Span)

1940-45/1951-55 (Service as Prime Minister)

Serving as Prime Minister of England from 1940-1945 and again from 1951-1955, Churchill is one of the UK's most iconic politicians. In 1910, Churchill was promoted to Home Secretary and he implemented a prison reform programme. He introduced a distinction between criminal and political prisoners, reduced the length of solitary confinement for first offenders, spoke out against what he regarded as the excessively lengthy sentences, and put a stop to the imprisonment of those aged between 16 and 21 except in cases where they had committed the most serious offences.