1819-1901 (Life Span)
1837-1901 (Reign as Queen)
Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India. Victoria’s reign saw the creation of the Metropolitan Police Service, which spread throughout Britain, by 1857 every jurisdiction had an organized police force. Rapid industrialization saw a rise in crime, but traditional punishments of the death penalty or transportation to America and Australia began to be replaced by imprisonment.