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Constance Markievicz

1868-1927 (Life span)

1918–1922 (Service as a Member of Parliament)

1913–23 (Military service - Irish Republican Brotherhood, Irish Citizen Army, IRA)

Constance Markievicz, known as Countess Markievicz, was an Anglo-Irish politician, revolutionary, nationalist, suffragette, and socialist. Markievicz was the first woman elected to the British Parliament in 1918.  Remarkably, she fought the election for the constituency of Dublin St Patrick's from a cell in Holloway prison - out of 18 women candidates, she was the only one to win a seat, but she refused to take it. Rather than take her seat in the House of Commons, Markievicz - along with 72 other Sinn Féin MPs - refused to acknowledge the authority of the British government, and instead helped establish the First Dáil at Dublin's Mansion House in January 1919. Markievicz took part in the Easter Rising of 1916 and fought against British crown forces. The rising was unsuccessful and the ringleaders, including Markievicz, were sentenced to death. However, Markievicz's death sentence was commuted to life in prison because she was a woman.